How to Write an Informative Essay: Helpful Tips and Topics

How to Write an Informative Essay: Helpful Tips and Topics
If you are looking for a brief guide on how to cope with an informative essay, prepared all the necessary tips just for you.

What Is an Informative Essay

If to try to answer the question what is an informative essay, it is possible to develop the following informative essay definition. This is an academic work of a student, written in an informal style, the main purpose of which is to convey knowledge about a certain phenomenon to the reader. However, in order for such work to be truly informative, it should meet several requirements for the presentation of the material even despite informative essay topics you have chosen, its authenticity and the style of the text. Let's find out what these requirements are.

The Style You Should Follow When Writing an Informative Essay

Informative writing is characterized by specific writing techniques that determine the flow of material. The output is a strong text. A strong text catches the reader from the first lines and does not disappoint at the end, but inspires action. Such text wins with energetic presentation and benefits for a reader. All thoughts of the author in a strong text should be stated in such a way that readers can hear and understand them.

The information style is not on a par with the scientific, official, artistic and journalistic style. Information style methods are applicable everywhere: in a contract, a novel, an article, reviews, a scientific report, a poster, a film script or an SMS notification.

Information style characteristics inlude:

1. Brevity.
The text quickly conveys the main idea. For this, the author simplifies the material for the reader: removes unnecessary words that interfere with perception.

2. Capacity.
Fewer words, more meaning. Each sentence brings new and useful information.

3. Honesty.
Beautiful phrases often hide the truth. Texts of informational style win with the help of scientific validity and clearly explain with words everything written. The heart of the text is only factual material. The subjective assessment of the author not supported by the arguments is not valid.

4. Respect.
It is impossible to sincerely help someone you do not respect. Respect can be equated to caring for readers.

5. Responsibility.
Understanding the consequences for each word is responsibility. It is necessary to convey the idea quickly, clearly and objectively.

6. Persuasiveness.
The author inspires readers to take real action.

7. Unambiguity.
If the essay is written in this style, the reader will never meet the expression "more than 15 years", “about thirty persons”. It will be - 16 years old, 30 persons.

8. Objectivity.
Information style uses a maximum of the facts and a minimum of emotions. In informative articles, both pros and cons are always revealed, and the author confirms all the statements with data. The reader himself forms an opinion based on the facts provided.

9. Clarity.
The author helps the reader to draw conclusions, explains complex things in simple words, examines the subject from all sides.

10. Orderliness.
The text puts things in order:
- the author has studied the subject;
- the author clearly explained the complex terms;
- the author worked out the structure of the text;
- the author made conclusions.

11. Conciseness.
The text does not contain meaningless and annoying vocabulary (cliches, reinforcing expressions).

In informational materials, there are no constructions that complicate perception (complex sentences).

13. Lack of hints.
Info texts exclude agitation and a call to action. They affect the reader with the help of true information.

However, the information style is not universal. It is perfect for articles, notes, selling texts, official letters. But this style is not suitable for artistic works and any emotional narrative.

Informative Essay Types

Your professor may ask you to write an informative essay of one of the following types.

Descriptive Essays

Descriptive texts are the most common type of informational articles. The task of the description is to give exhaustive information about the subject in question. At the same time, in the description, as in any other informational article, there are no any references to the reader or the expression of the author’s opinion on the issue under consideration. Descriptions are always focused on the subject, its qualities, and properties. As a result, informational text-descriptions are always quite dry and neutral. The most important thing in descriptions is to convey the necessary information to the reader, tell about the characteristics and leave the right of choice to him.

Impression Essays

The first two types of texts have similarities - both of them refer to informational articles and contain a description of something, but in the second case, the author has broader possibilities - he can use colors and images, epithets and comparisons. In addition, the task of the text-impression is different - to show the world in colors.

Advisory Essays

Advisor texts are another type of informational article. They usually begin with the word "how": "How to put a tile?" or "How to cure a cold?". The features of such a text are that information is accurately organized by stages, steps, etc. After reading the text, the reader gets a clear idea of how to solve a specific task.

All three types of informational essays are common on the Internet. In fact, they form the basis of the entire web space. The love of the readers and the position in the search depends on the quality informational article. For sites with products or services, the quality of informational texts affects the number of sales and the profitability of a company.

Therefore, if this is an online essay, you should write it on the basis of already verified information and facts, do not give your opinion where this is unnecessary, and all users of the site or online store with your texts will thank you for the information provided in the article.

Let’s Develop an Informative Essay Outline

In order to facilitate your writing process and make your essay clear and structured, it is recommended to draw up an informative essay outline.

Writing an essay begins with the collection and analysis of the material. To achieve the most qualitative result, it is necessary to select 5–6 sources, the information in which corresponds to the topic of the future paper as much as possible and is the most relevant, updated and informative.

After collecting the material it is useful to make a plan for a future article. If there are strict restrictions on the volume of the text, think how much space the main, introductory and final part will occupy. It also makes sense to think in advance about the order of arguments, supporting examples, as well as the order of graphical, statistical data and illustrations presentation.

The next step is to determine the audience of the article. Obviously, in a text intended for the general public, the use of professional terms or a reference to facts known only to specialists in a particular field will be inappropriate.

Any text starts with a title. The heading of an informative essay should be concise and capacious, accurately reflecting the topic disclosed in the article.

Now let’s find out what to write in the structure parts of your text.

How to Start an Informative Essay

If you are asking how to start an informative essay, the best way is to use a “hook” in the very beginning of your text.

It can be a whole sentence, a single word, a question or a popular expression. This should be something that will certainly capture the user's attention and arouse his interest in the proposed publication. For example, a simple way to “open” a text is to ask a question.

After you have come up with a brief but fascinating beginning, you should explain to the reader what the article will be about. Use the thesis to tell do it. What new will he learn after reading it? Your task is to help him determine his expectations, and decide whether he wants to see the text in full, in parts, or not to read it at all.

What to State in the Body Paragraphs

The information you provide your reader within this section is the core of your paper. When writing an informative essay, make sure that every body paragraph contains only one main idea, and it is fully supported with facts. Try to present information from the most shocking and strong facts to keep the interest of your reader.

The Best Way to Conclude Your Essay

The conclusion is one of the most important sections of the essay. It summarizes the work done, which was reflected in detail throughout the text, contains conclusions and makes suggestions, describes the possible development of ways to solve the problems you talked about. The task is to briefly repeat the main data you have stated but be sure to make it as interesting as the whole paper.

Proofreading Algorithm

Do you remember what we said about the requirements of the information style? One of them is a clear structure, the absence of words devoid of meaning, and of course, literacy. So you should proofread and edit your essay in conformity with this algorithm.

The level of paragraphs and sentences. Remove from the text everything that does not work on the topic. These are lyrical digressions, notes, unnecessary clarifications, and memories.

Word level. Find words that do not carry useful information, and either delete or fill with useful facts. Add the missing and interesting information.

Punctuation level. Run your text through spell corrector, check commas. If you are in doubt whether a comma is needed here or not, simplify it so that a dot is needed. The main rule is “The best punctuation mark is a dot.” Online editors will help deal with the rest of the punctuation marks, put the correct quotes, and remove extra spaces.

Useful Editing Tips

After you have finished writing an essay, do not rush to edit it immediately. It will be wise to leave the text for a while and think about other things. When you return to the essay again, it will be easier for you to bring it to perfection by evaluating the text with a fresh look.

Here is another universal advice that even the classics of world literature used. Before you submit your essay on criticism of the target audience, ask your friend or relative to read the text. Sometimes we tend not to notice the obvious things.

Do not forget to use anti-plagiarism tools. Of course, you have written all the text from scratch but there can be some sentences that can occasionally duplicate some online sources. So make your test 100% unique.

We have tried to follow all the canons of the information style and provide you with the most useful information about how to write an informative essay. But if you still want to devote your time to more interesting things, feel free to ask to help with your academic writing!