Ericksons Life Stages

2020-01-24 08:56:34
2 pages
654 words
Carnegie Mellon University
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Erikson was a psychoanalyst who researched on stages of human development. Sigmund Freuds research greatly influenced Ericksons study that culminated in the identification of eight major stages of life. According to Erikson, every person passes through these eight critical stages whether consciously or subconsciously (Slee, 2002). In essence, the stages are changes and development people experience during their lifespan. These changes occur both naturally and through influence by the surrounding from birth to death.

The adolescence is one of the eight stages with pervasive influence in the entire life. At this point, people tend to develop some anxiety to know their identity (Slee, 2002). Individuals tend to mostly concentrate on what the people around them do to them and what themselves do to the people with whom they interact (Pressley & McCormick, 2006). The interests to develop a sense of self-identity during this stage confusion. As adolescents experience this stage, they tend to forget their responsibilities thus end up leaving their families and joining others in the society. Here, parents need to be more careful and watch keenly what their children do and people with whom they associate (Scheck, 2014). This need for care is because extensive exploration characterizes this stage and making more discoveries. During this stage adolescents have the ability to understand love, logical proofs, and values. At the same point, they entertain the possibilities of our future (Scheck, 2014). According to Piagets theory on adolescent, people tend to develop two types of social thinking that are imaginary audience and personal fable. For instance, adolescents struggle to get other peoples attention and also develop a sense of personal uniqueness. The social thinking affects the childs behavior.

My interview of Christine who was a teenager girl undergoing adolescence exposed me to the realities of adolescence. I discovered that she was facing a lot of challenges during her experiences. She had a lot of interest in finding her identity. She told me that her family was never supportive when she was undergoing some changes in her life during this stage. The inadequate familial suport pushed her into joining a peer group and developed some relative independence. She associated with her friends at many times as compared to her family. This nature of relaionships weakened the relationship she had with her family At this point she learned how to be strong and deal with the situation how they approach her. However, it took her time to develop self-confidence as she tried to apply the new skills that she had. She could sometimes make mistakes in judgment. At this point, she believed that no one is capable of understanding her and know how she feels. As compared Christines case of trying to make self-discovery, an adolescent continues to adjust their new experience. At this stage, an adolescent emerges where rules and regulations change. Thus responsibilities are required to be placed on them to maintain certain standard behavior. Erikson suggested that adolescence takes few years and one moves to another (Pressley & McCormick, 2006). Despite it taking few years, adolescence has a lot of challenges that one may feel its a lifetime stage.

Many people have a mentality that parents are less important to the children as they undergo the adolescence stage. The assumption is wrong because the children need love and support from their parents during this time. If parents become close to their children at this stage. They overcome deviance behavior that comes with the social pressure at this stage. Therefore, parents are required to offer love and support to their children at this stage of life. Children who receive full support from their parents not only learn how to pass this stage smoothly but also develop academically.


Pressley, M., & McCormick, C. (2006). Child and adolescent development for educators. New York: Guilford Press

Scheck, S (2014). The Stages of Psychosocial Development According To Erik H. Erikson.

Munchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.

Slee, P.T. (2002). Child, adolescent, and family development. New York: Cambridge University



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